Historically, the counseling profession emerged in response to social reforms. I
Historically, the counseling profession emerged in response to social reforms. It started focusing on providing humane interventions for people who were in need of emotional and psychological help and were considered disadvantaged. The profession evolved with a variety of theories, techniques, and specialties available to counselors and clients. There was also an increase in the number of professional associations assigned to these specialties (these associations are available to counselors through membership).
Despite the emergence and growth of counseling as a helping profession, some individuals continue to consider themselves helpers eligible to offer advice to clients. However, these individuals are, in reality, “lay helpers.” They are not licensed (or certified), nor do they possess any form of formal education or training related to the counseling profession.
Compare and contrast the differences between a lay helper and a licensed professional counselor? What situations might be appropriate for a lay helper to assist? What situations might require a licensed professional? Create a brief summary outlining your answer as supported by scholarly sources.